Programming Languages

10 Best Computer Languages to Learn Hacking

Programming Languages for Hacking
Written by Martins D. Okoi

We covered the Best 20 Hacking and Penetration Tools for Kali Linux and I am happy that our readers were excited at the new tools they came across. However, getting the tools is one thing and knowing how to use them properly is another.

Hacking involves breaking the protocols of any system on a network and while this can be done by a plethora of applications available for free, being a hacker requires you to understand the languages that the software that you have in focus is written in and they are usually written in a range of common languages.

Today, we bring you a list of computer languages that you should know if you want to build a career as a hacker.


HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language and while it is listed first in this list, it is not a programming language. It is used to markup text in a way the browser will know how to display information and so since every website is built using HTML, it is an essential language for all hackers and practically the first one you should learn.

HTML Language

HTML Language

Learn HTML For Free

2. JavaScript

JavaScript is the most used client-side programming language and being the ideal language for building web applications, security experts prefer using it to build both front-end and back-end components.

Understanding JavaScript is essential for manipulating any type of web application because there are barely any online projects that don’t use JS or its libraries.

Learn JavaScript

Learn JavaScript

Learn JavaScript For Free

3. PHP

PHP stands for PHP Hypertext Processor and it has been the most popular server-side programming language used for websites especially since the advent of WordPress which powers over 70% of the Internet’s websites.

Understanding how PHP works automatically puts you in a place where you are comfortable enough to learn how to take advantage of security leaks on the server-side.

Learn PHP Programming

Learn PHP Programming

Learn PHP For Free

4. SQL

SQL stands for Structured Queried Language and it is the language used to interact databases in order to add, retrieve, or edit data.

  The 7 Most Popular Programming Languages on GitHub in 2019

Ever heard of SQL injection? All websites make use of a database and a lot of them are relational databases which use SQL or a customized version of it so it is important to get yourself acquainted with it.

Learn SQL Database

Learn SQL Database

Learn SQL For Free

5. C/C++

C is a low-level programming language upon which modern Operating Systems are built and it has an edge over other languages because of how its ability to easily manipulate system resources and hardware. C++ is a high-level language developed as an extension of C with extra features that simplify programming.

Learning C/C++ equip you with the skills that enable you to reverse engineer enterprise software and its features e.g. static typing and polymorphism speed up the process of writing hacking applications and metamorphic PC viruses.

Learn C/C++ Programming

Learn C/C++ Programming

Learn C/C++ Programming For Free

6. Python

Python is a dynamic general purpose language that is used for several purposes including writing automation scripts. It is cited as one of the easiest programming languages to learn and is used by many experts to test the integrity of systems.

Ever heard about Python Socket Programming? If Python can be used for checking the security integrity of systems it can also be used to exploit them. It has a massive community and tons of libraries which make prototyping, automation scripting, etc. a lot easier.

Learn Python Programming

Learn Python Programming

Learn Python Programming For Free

7. Java

Java is a high-level object-oriented programming language that was developed to fix the shortcomings in C++. It is the language that powers many legacy apps including modern servers e.g. Spring MVC and Apache Tomcat. It also powers over 3 billion devices due to the Java code in Android devices which makes Java a perfect tool in the hands of experienced engineers.

Java applications are cross-platform and as an experienced writer, you can learn to reverse engineer any of the billions of applications in the market.

Learn Java Programming

Learn Java Programming

Learn Java Programming For Free

8. Ruby

Ruby is a web-focused programming language that is similar to Python when it comes to syntax and its use for writing automation programs. It is used to build many web applications and it offers its users blazing fast speeds.

  10 Best Machine Learning Courses in 2019

Learning Ruby is an ideal language to learn because many penetration testing experts employ the language to accomplish several tasks including building applications. E.g. the extremely popular penetration testing framework, Metasploit, is written in Ruby.

Learn Ruby Programming

Learn Ruby Programming

Learn Ruby Programming For Free

9. Assembly

Assembly is a complicated low-level programming language that is closer to any OS than C. It is challenging to learn, and even more so to code in but it is capable of many things in the hands of an experienced hacker. Think viruses and malware – Assembly programmers are among the world’s deadliest hackers.

Learn Assembly Programming Language

Learn Assembly Programming Language

Learn Assembly Programming For Free

10. Bash

Bash is the last on this list because it is not a programming language but it is the default command shell in almost all Unix and Unix-like systems. Understanding Bash gives you the ability to complete tasks on virtually any major server and it will come in handy when you have to navigate your way to run programs from the terminal, especially remotely.

Learn Bash Programming

Learn Bash Programming

Learn Bash Programming For Free

Hacking is a skill that everybody wouldn’t mind having but it is a lot more technical than you might think because it requires a lot of practice and creativity. Other programming languages you can look up are Perl and Lisp – powerful programming languages for writing payload and backdoor apps. You will be respected if you’ve got their usage at your fingertips.

Also, unlike pop culture may have made you think, hacking for malicious purposes is illegal and can lead you to many years behind bars so the route you should take if you want to learn how to hack is to be a white hacker.

FossMint has got you covered by compiling an 8-course bundle that teaches you how to become a White Hat hacker. That’s the legal version of hacking 👨🏼‍💻

Your Unwavering Support Matters a Lot:

The cost of maintenance is skyrocketing as more readers are coming on board and the ad service that we employ in order to generate revenue is unfortunately no longer sufficient and this is especially due to the increased use of ad-blockers.

We humbly request that you consider disabling your ad-blockers to support us financially or please consider buying us a coffee ( or 2 ) as a token of appreciation. Your donation(s) will go a long way in supporting FossMint and sister site, TecMint, in running efficiently. Thank you.

Buy Me A Coffee

Top Deals

About the author

Martins D. Okoi

Martins Divine Okoi is a graduate of Computer Science with a passion for Linux and the Open Source community. He works as a Graphic Designer, Web Developer, and programmer.