Ubuntu’s flagship operating system is hardly a thing of novelty now given that we’ve been anticipating its release for a good while.
Canonical officially announced the release of the next iteration of its Ubuntu operating system which is the long term support 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus).
For those of you that would like to upgrade from 14.04 or 15.10 to 16.04 (Xenial Xerus), refer the respective article links below as per the version you have running on your system.
- How To Upgrade to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS from Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
- How to Upgrade from Ubuntu 15.10 to Ubuntu 16.04 on Desktop and Server Editions
It’s a long list of features and improvements under the hood of this new LTS, and we’ll be giving a thorough walk through on that over the weekend.
The Ubuntu 16.04 development cycle came to an end today after a thorough community test which lasted for 6 months.
Most of the features proposed successfully made it to the final version of Xenial Xerus which includes mainly Systemd as the default service manager, mir display server, position of Unity launcher can now be changed, ZFS filesystem is now native to Xenial Xerus, Linux Kernel 4.4 is onboard, Gnome as the default software center, and Snappy package manager as an alternative to aptitude.
The 16.04 server version, on the other hand, is filled with a lot of that will greatly benefit those looking to run the server version of the operating system.
According to Canonical’s spokesperson, “Ubuntu 16.04 LTS includes a new port to 64-bit z/Architecture for IBM mainframe computers. This is a practically complete port of Ubuntu Server and Cloud with circa 95% binary package availability. We are excited to enable OpenStack software, Juju, MAAS, LXD, and much more on this platform”.
The most prominent of the changes to the server version of the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS operating system are QEMU 2.5, Open vSwitch 2.5.0, Juju 2.0, Docker 1.10, libvirt 1.3.1, Ceph Jewel 10.1.2 RC, LXD 2.0 pure-container manager and with an utmost VM-like experience on top of LXC alongside nova driver (nova-lxd).
The list doesn’t end there; there’s also support for kernel crash dump as part of the Linux kernel crash dump process that can also be done remotely via SSH.
OpenStack Mitaka is also now included by default in 16.04 (Xenial Xerus) and you can find more details on Mitaka here and download Ubuntu Server 16.04 Xenial Xerus.