Linux Distributions

The Top 10 Open Source Distros You Haven’t Heard About

Linux Distros You Never Heard About
Written by Martins D. Okoi

As I have mentioned in previous articles, the open-source community is littered with many distributions – some of which you might never get to hear about if you’re not connected to an affiliated party or happen to come across a reference ad.

Plus, it’s a new year and we have been dropping Top 10 (and sometimes higher) titles since it began so you shouldn’t be surprised that we are here with another one.

In case you missed it, we recently published an article on The Top 10 Linux Desktop Distros of 2017, and I thought it will be nice if we checked out a couple of distros that might not have made it to the limelight in 2017 but are still significant and will probably be of great use to our readers.

So, ladies and gentlemen here is our list of 10 open source distros you haven’t heard about.

1. TrueOS

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TrueOS is a cutting-edge FreeBSD-based distro that serves as both a desktop and server Operating System. It features an easy-to-install UI so that UNIX beginners wouldn’t shy away from it and pre-configures its desktop environment, sound, video, and networking during installation.

Its main features include being an efficient OS for small business owners, SysAdm Remote Management, and the OpenZFS file system.

TrueOS

TrueOS

2. Parrot Security OS

Parrot Security OS (ParrotSec, for short) is a Debian-based distro built with security experts in mind. Its features are tailored for performing Computer Forensics, Vulnerability Assessment and Mitigation, and penetration tests.

It is developed by Frozenbox’s Team to run on virtually all architectures with MATE as its desktop environment and LightDM as its default display manager.

Parrot Security OS

Parrot Security OS

3. RoboLinux

RoboLinux is a user-friendly Debian-based distro developed with Windows users in mind. One of its best features is an optional pre-configured VM support pack with which users can install a Windows XP, 7, and 10 with a single click!

Apart from allowing users to easily run Windows inside RoboLinux, it is completely customizable with 3D desktop options, app docks, etc.

RoboLinux

RoboLinux

4. Slackware

Okay, you’ve probably already heard about Slackware – but that’s because of how much popularity it has gained in the last couple of years. It has been #32 on Distro Watch for the past 6 months and it is not difficult to see why.

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Slackware is a Linux Distro for advanced users. It was originally developed in 1993 by Patrick Volkerding as a Softlanding Linux System derivative. And thanks to Reinaldo for bringing it to my notice, it is the oldest surviving distro that we know.

It features a variety of development tools, applications, and libraries which allow it to be used as both a desktop workstation and server. It focuses on flexibility, power, and ease of use.

Slackware Linux

Slackware Linux

5. VectorLinux

This one is a small Slackware-based distro with 2 philosophies: Keep things simple and let the user be the one to decide what his OS should be. VectorLinux offers a blazing fast desktop environment for all user tasks ranging from surfing the web and exchanging emails to running and managing FTP servers. Its small, memory-friendly, and can be installed on older machines.

VectorLinux

VectorLinux

6. Scientific Linux

Scientific Linux is a rewritten Red Hat Enterprise distro co-developed and sponsored by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) to provide members of the scientific community all over the world with an OS that can meet a scientist’s computing needs.

It features packages not typically found it the upstream distros including Unionfs and FUSE file systems, the JDK, R Programming Language and environment for statistical computing, among others.

Scientific Linux

Scientific Linux

7. Calculate Linux

Calculate Linux is a Gentoo-based distro that ships in 3 different versions: Calculate Directory Server (CDS), Calculate Linux Desktop (CLD), and Calculate Linux Scratch (CLS).

CDS provides a streamlined user management thanks to its support for Windows and Linux clients via LDAP + SAMBA; CLD is the workstation version and it can be configured to connect to CDS; CLS is a LiveCD for users interested in building a custom distro.

Calculate Linux is stable, memory-friendly, and offers a great performance even on old computers.

Calculate Linux

Calculate Linux

8. Peppermint OS

Peppermint OS is a lightning-fast, completely customizable, and lightweight Lubuntu-based distro that integrates seamlessly with cloud and web-based applications.

  Peppermint OS - A Cloud-Centric Linux OS Based on Lubuntu

Its main philosophy is that its users should decide what their OS contains and thus, it ships with just the tools users will need to set up their workstation the way they want it using the terminal, Software Manager, or Synaptic Package Manager.

Its desktop environment is a hybrid of LXDE’s lxsession with Xfce’s panel and application menu.

Peppermint OS

Peppermint OS

9. SteamOS

SteamOS is a Debian-based Linux distro aimed at Linux gamers since it is designed to mainly run Steam and Steam games. It can run like any other Linux distro but you might not want to consider it as a replacement for your everyday workstation especially since you need to be tech savvy to conveniently use it.

SteamOS uses GNOME desktop environment and has support for tons of 3rd-party drivers including a custom graphics compositor to allow for a seamless transition between Steam games and the OS itself.

Steam, itself, is proprietary software but SteamOS is open-source and users can use its resources to learn how to build (and even sell) Steam machines!

SteamOS

SteamOS

10. Oracle Linux

You might have heard about Oracle because of either their Database or Programming Language, Java, but not about their open-source distro.

Oracle Linux is an enterprise-class Linux distro engineered for next-level cloud development. It is was built from RHEL’s (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) source packages to include Oracle’s custom Linux kernel called “Oracle Unbreakable Kernel”. This gives admin users the ability to update the kernel without a reboot.

Oracle Linux

Oracle Linux

So folks, that concludes our list!

How many of the above Operating Systems did you know about before now? And are there any distros you think should have made the list that didn’t? You can always drop your views in the comment box.

Is there a Top 10 list you’ll like us to make? Make your suggestions in the discussion section below.

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About the author

Martins D. Okoi

Martins Jr. (Dillivine) Okoi is a graduate of Computer Science with a passion for Linux and the Open Source community. He works as a Web designer & developer, technical writer, and programmer.

  • BMore

    Try Peppermint. One of my favorite distro.

  • Artim

    Slackware-based SalixOS is kinda-sorta like Vector Linux (also Slackware-based), except that Salix is fully compatible with it’s parent distro. It is super-simple and lightning fast, featuring Xfce desktop environment.

    • Martins Divine Okoi

      Yeah. It’s because I added Vector Linux to the list that I skipped Salix. I would have included it with NixOS, Bedrock Linux and ClearOS

  • Reinaldo Fernandez

    About Slackware, it was NEVER developed by Linus Torvalds. It was developed by Patrick Volkerding in 1993, as a derivative of the Softlanding Linux System developed by Peter MacDonald in 1992, which make Slackaware the oldest surviving distro being a few months older than Debian, so neither the 1991 date nor Linus Torvalds’ involvement are correct

    • Ken Stailey

      Slackware was NEVER developed by Linus because he didn’t write any of the kernel code. Oh wait…

      • Joseph Barrow

        Well… If you want to go that route, Linus developed all the distros that use the Linux kernel.

        As far as Slackware specific, it was started by Pat.

        • Ken Stailey

          The idea that “Linux” is another word for “distro” explains a how TrueOS can be at the top of this post’s list.

          • Joseph Barrow

            Yes. Linux is the kernel, not the distribution. There are some distributions out there that use a different kernel, I understand.

          • dtoebe

            If it does not use the Linux kernel then it is not a Linux distribution. A more accurate title would have been “The top 10 open source distros you haven’t heard of”

          • Martins Divine Okoi

            Rightly said 🙂

          • Anton Wåhlander

            Yeah, on that… BSD is not Linux, it is Berkerly Software Distribution with its own licence and some non open source, right? In the same sence that Android is not quite same thing as Linux or that open solaris wasnt either (solaris was how ever Unix).

      • Reinaldo Fernandez

        The article is about the Slackware distro, not the Linux kernel…….following your logic, Debian, Red Hat, Arch, Gentoo, all were developed by Linus Torvalds and then continued by others

        • Martins Divine Okoi

          You’re right Reinaldo.
          That’s how I started writing it and then decided it wasn’t the way to go.
          Thanks for the correction.

          • Reinaldo Fernandez

            You’re welcome and I enjoy your articles

  • Ferdinand Thommes

    I knew all of them. I would have used distros that are different for that list, like NixOS, Bedrock Linux or ClearOS.

    • Martins Divine Okoi

      True that. If the count was higher than 10 I would have listed them too.

  • Ken Stailey

    I ended up trying TrueOS in a QEmu/KVM/libvirt guest on Ubuntu 17.10. It only works with OVMF not a classic BIOS and the mouse pointer does not work with Spice/QXL but does work with VNC/virtio video. The other virtio components (disk, net, balloon, etc.) all work too.

    • Martins Divine Okoi

      Thanks for the technical info Ken.

      I haven’t tested TrueOS before but I’m sure whoever does will have a better point of reference now

  • Dustin Boyd

    Vector sounds interesting. I wonder how it compares with Arch… Might have to give it a try!

    • Martins Divine Okoi

      I don’t think it’s as awesome as Arch, but hey, that’s just my opinion. yes you should try it out for yourself 🙂

  • b6s6d6

    Well, TrueOS is NOT a Linux distro. First of all, Linux is only a kernel. Besides in your article you said TrueOS was FreeBSD-based, which means it uses the FreeBSD kernel.
    Remember FreeBSD is “the whole package” because it’s a complete Operating System (Kernel + Userland + installer + patches + ports + etc…)

    Finally, FreeBSD is a true UNIX descendant unlike Linux that was created willing to mimic UNIX. So they’re clearly NOT THE SAME !!!

    • Keith Crowder

      It’s embarassing considering it’s the first thing you learn when reading about *Nix.

  • Martins Divine Okoi

    Thanks for the correction Keith. It’s one I made earlier on but is yet to be published.